From July 11 to July 15, 2020, Mongolians will celebrate Naadam, the Festival of the Three Manly Sports.
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On the morning of July 11, Mongolians gather at Ulaanbaatar's National Central Stadium for the Naadam Opening Ceremony, a grand celebration of Mongolian dance, music and culture.
Naadam commemorates the 99th anniversary of the Mongolian Revolution, the 814th anniversary of the Mongol Empire and the 2,229th anniversary of the Hunnu Empire.
Zodog, Mongolian wrestler's frontless vests, are based on the legend of a princess whom no man could defeat in wrestling. Men now wrestle bare-chested to prevent a woman from entering a tournment and defeating them again.
Wrestling in the National Naadam Festival takes place in the National Central Stadium in Ulaanbaatar. The nation's top 512 wrestlers compete for two days in nine untimed, single-elimination rounds.
Read more about Naadam Wrestling
A Mongolian bow takes a full year to make using birch bark, mountain goat horns and other animal parts.
Monoglia's tradition of archery has shaped world history, allowing Genghis Khan to conquer the world. The National Naadam Festival features both men's and women's competitions at the National Archery Field next to Ulaanbaatar's Naadam Stadium.
Read more about Naadam Archery
At the end of each horse race, the crowd rushes forward, surrounding the winning horse. Touching the sweat of the winning horse brings good luck for the rest of the year.
For Naadam, horses race long distance across the open steppe. Horses are categorized by age, while jockeys are children who ride bareback.
Read more about Naadam Horse Racing
- Sheep anklebones, or shagai, are important objects, used by Mongolians for both games and fortune-telling. In the tradition-rich game of anklebone shooting, competitors fling a domino-like bullet, trying to knock down a row of sheep anklebones.